(ruby base container) element groups a collection of
rb elements that will have related annotations in a
rtc container. In the example shown above,
which was taken from the W3C documentation, the
contains four Japanese characters (the more complex kanji symbols), each
of which has its own
rb element. Meanwhile, the ruby
annotations inside the related
rt elements are written
in hiragana syllables (known as furigana when used for this purpose).
Finally, there’s an English annotation that spans all four of the previous
The intended rendering of this code is shown in Figure 1. However, only the first image in the example is behaving—and that’s because it’s a suggested rendering in the W3C documentation. The code’s true rendering is shown in the following two images, which are taken from Internet Explorer and Firefox, respectively.
Consider this example usage of
<ruby xml:lang="ja"> <rbc> <rb>斎</rb> <rb>藤</rb> <rb>信</rb> <rb>男</rb> </rbc> <rtc class="reading"> <rt>さい</rt> <rt>とう</rt> <rt>のぶ</rt> <rt>お</rt> </rtc> <rtc class="annotation"> <rt rbspan="4" xml:lang="en">W3C Associate Chairman</rt> </rtc> </ruby>
Use This For …
This element is used to
rb (ruby base text) elements in
complex ruby annotations.
Only Internet Explorer offers any support for
text marked up using
ruby at this time. Other browsers
ignore the markup and display the ruby text in the order in which it
appears in the source.