element is a child element of the
ruby element, and is
used to contain the characters that require pronunciation help or are
displayed as a learning aid.
For simple ruby markup, only one
rb element may appear. However, there are more complex
mechanisms for marking up ruby—including the use of the
rbc element—which do allow for the presence of multiple
instances of the
An example usage of
<ruby> <rb>家辺 勝文</rb> <rt>liaison</rt> </ruby>
Use This For …
This element is used to contain foreign characters that require annotation.
Only Internet Explorer offers any support for
text marked up using
ruby at this time. Other browsers
ignore the markup and display the ruby text in the order in which it
appears in the source.