html (HTML element)

Spec
Depr. Empty Version
No No HTML 2
Browser support (more…)
IE5.5+ FF1+ SA1.3+ OP9.2+ CH2+
Full Full Full Full Full

Syntax

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
</html>

Description

The html element is the outer container for everything that appears in an HTML (or XHTML) document. It can only contain two elements as direct descendants, namely the head element and either a body or frameset element. It can also contain comments. As it is the outermost element in the document, it’s also known as the root element.

Note that the xmlns is required for XHTML page , but is invalid in HTML pages.

Although the html element is the outermost element, it does not contain the doctype—the doctype must come before the html element.

Example

This example shows the html element surrounding all elements in a document:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
  <head>
    <title>Page title goes here</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <!-- content goes here -->
  </body>
</html>

Use This For …

This element will have a place on every single web page you ever create! There’s no case in which you would not use this element when crafting a web page.

Compatibility

Internet Explorer Firefox Safari Opera Chrome
5.5 6.0 7.0 8.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.5 1.3 2.0 3.1 4.0 9.2 9.5 10.0 2.0
Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full Full

Every browser listed supports this element type.

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